Joan of Arc (Person) AKA Jeanne d'Arc, The Maid of Orléans
Joan of Arc
1412 AD - 1431 AD
AKA Jeanne d'Arc, The Maid of Orléans
Heroine of France for her role during the Hundred Years' War
She received visions of the Archangel Michael, Saint Margaret, and Saint Catherine of Alexandria instructing her to support Charles VII and recover France from English domination.
In 1456, an inquisitorial court authorized by Pope Callixtus III examined the trial, debunked the charges against her, pronounced her innocent, and declared her a martyr.
She was declared a national symbol of France by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1803
The Roman Catholic church beatified her in 1909 and then canonized her as a saint in 1920 (Pope Benedict XV in his bull Divina disponente).
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