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Thales of Miletus ( Θαλῆς)
Best known as the "Father of Western Philosophy", he actually became famous for predicting a solar eclipse.
His motto, "Kn...
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Pythagoras (Pythagoras of Samos)
Pythagoras of Samos was an Ionian Greek philosopher, mathematician, and putative founder of the Pythagoreanism movement. He i...
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Platonic Academy (Plato's Academy, Ἀκαδημία)
School founded by Plato which persisted as as a skeptical school, until it was destroyed by the Roman dictator Sulla in 86 BC...
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On the Sizes and Distances of the Sun and Moon (Περὶ μεγεθῶν καὶ ἀποστημάτων [ἡλίου καὶ σελήνης])
In On the Sizes and Distances Aristarchus makes certain hypotheses based on common observations of the heavens and comes to t...
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Ptolemy (Claudius Ptolemy, Κλαύδιος Πτολεμαῖος)
The preeminent astronomer of the 2nd century. He was a Roman citizen who lived in Alexandria, Egypt.
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Pope Sylvester II (Gerbert d'Aurillac)
Pope of the Roman Catholic Church 999 - 1003
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Omar Khayyam (عمر خیّام‎)
a Persian polymath, mathematician, astronomer, philosopher, and poet.[3][4][5][6] He was born in Neyshabur, in northeastern P...
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Robert of Chester (Robert Retinensis, Robertus Ketenensis, de Ketene)
Translator of Isamic texts: Made 1st Latin translation of Koran
AKA , Ostiensis, Astensis, Cataneus, and Robert Cestrensis
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Nicolaus Copernicus
Best known for his heliocentric model of the solar system, Copernicus was a polymath active as a physician, diplomat, economi...
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Thomas Digges
Sixteenth century English mathematician and astronomer — first English proponent of Copernicus
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Thomas Harriot (Harriott, Hariot or Heriot)
English mathematician and scientist Thomas Harriot was the first person to draw the surface of the Moon as seen through a te...
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Pantometria (A geometrical practical treatize named pantometria)
Title page:
diuided into three bookes, longimetra, planimetra, and stereometria : containing rules manifolde for mensura...
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Pierre Gassendi (Pierre Gassend, Petrus Gassendi)
French philosopher, priest, astronomer, and mathematician who attempted to reconcile Epicurean atomism with Christianity.
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René Descartes
French-born philosopher, mathematician, and scientist who spent a large portion of his working life in the Dutch Republic and...
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Pieter van Musschenbroek
Dutch scientist credited with the invention of the first capacitor in 1746: the Leyden jar.
He performed pioneering work...
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Siméon Denis Poisson
French mathematician, engineer, and physicist who made many scientific advances
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Olinde Rodrigues (Benjamin Olinde Rodrigues)
French banker, mathematician, and social reformer, remembered for
  • Rodrigues' rotation formula for vectors,
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The Fundamental Theorem of Algebra (FTA)
Every polynomial equation of degree n with complex coefficients has n roots in the complex numbers.
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Nikola Tesla
Best known for his contributions to the design of the modern alternating current (AC) electricity supply system

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Robert Fano (Roberto Mario Fano)
20th century Italian-American computer scientist and professor of electrical engineering and computer science at MIT
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On Computable Numbers, with an Application to the Entscheidungsproblem
In this paper, Turing reformulated Kurt Gödel's 1931 results on the limits of proof and computation, replacing Gödel's univ...
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Nassim Nicholas Taleb
Lebanese-American essayist, mathematical statistician, former option trader, risk analyst, and aphorist whose work concerns p...
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Satoshi Nakamoto
Presumed pseudonymous person or persons who ivented, developed, and deployed bitcoin.

Satoshi is a billi...
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RSA (cryptosystem)
Public-key cryptosystem that is widely used for secure data transmission which takes its name from the surnames of the invent...