El Cid
El Cid

El Cid
1043 AD - 1099 AD
AKA Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar

A Castilian knight and warlord in medieval Spain. Fighting with both Christian and Muslim armies during his lifetime, he earned the Arabic honorific al-sīd, which would evolve into El Cid ("the lord"), and the Spanish honorific El Campeador ("the valiant").

As the head of his loyal knights, he came to dominate the Levante of the Iberian Peninsula at the end of the 11th century.

Díaz de Vivar became well known for his service in the armies of both Christian and Muslim rulers. After his death, El Cid became Spain's celebrated national hero and the protagonist of the most significant medieval Spanish epic poem, El Cantar de mio Cid, which presents him as the ideal medieval knight: strong, valiant, loyal, just, and pious.

  • Prince of Valencia 1094 – 1099
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Northern Iberian Peninsula c. 1065
Photo Credit: By The original uploader was Alexandre Vigo at Galician Wikipedia. - Transferred from gl.wikipedia to Commons., CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=6304855
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